Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea. Papua is bordered by the nation of Papua New Guinea to the east, and by West Papua province to the west. Its capital is Jayapura. It was formerly called Irian Jaya (before that West Irian or Irian Barat) and comprised all of Indonesian New Guinea.
In 2002 the current name was adopted and in 2003 West Papua province was created from western parts of Papua province. Papua has had the highest population growth rate of all Indonesian provinces at over 3% annually. This is partly a result of birth rates, but mainly due to migration from other parts of Indonesia. While indigenous Papuans formed the near-totality of the population in 1961, they are now roughly 50% of the population, the other half being composed of non-Papuan migrants coming from other parts of Indonesia. An overwhelming percentage of these migrants came as part of a government-sponsored transmigration program. There are some of the most well-known ethnic groups of Papua, one of them is The Yei (pronounced Yay) are sometimes known as the Jei, Je, Yei-nan people. There are approximately 2,500 speakers of the Yei language. At home the Yei people speak their own language but use Indonesian for trade, wider communication and at school. Most Yei are literate in Indonesian. Some of the most famous Tourist Attraction on Papua Island are Raja Ampat in Sorong and Baliem Valley in Wamena.
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Located off the northwest tip of Bird’s Head Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, in Indonesia’s West Papua province, Raja Ampat, or the Four Kings, is an archipelago comprising over 1,500 small islands, cays, and shoals surrounding the four main islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo, and the smaller island of Kofiau. The Raja Ampat archipelago is the part of Coral Triangle which contains the richest marine biodiversity on earth.
Festival Balliem Valley
The Baliem Valley Festival was originally a tribal war between Dani, Lani, and the Yali Tribe as a symbol of fertility and prosperity. A festival that became a foe tribal strength and has lasted for generations but certainly safe for you to enjoy.
Baliem Valley Festival lasts for three days and is held every August to coincide with the celebration of independence of the Republic of Indonesia. Initially it was first held in 1989. It is special that the festival starts with a trigger scenario of war.
Festival Sentani Lake
Lake Sentani Festival is a Festival held every year generally in June to July in the tourist area of Khalkhote, Sentani Timur, Papua. This annual festival is included in the national calendar of the Ministry of Tourism (Kemenpar) and is always enlivened by traditional dances on boats, Papuan traditional dances, traditional ceremonies such as the coronation of Ondoafi, and typical culinary offerings of Papua. This festival is one of the great event festival event, because it becomes an important means in preserving and developing the cultural arts and creativity values of the people around Lake Sentani. The three main agenda of this festival, in addition to carnival archipelago of which is a cultural performances, papua art exhibitions, and tour tours. All the people participate enliven the agenda without seeing them who, from where, and beraga what, that is the great people of Papua. In addition, the purpose of the festival is held so as to help improve the economy of the community and reduce the migration of the population from the region to the big cities.
Jayapura is the capital of Papua province, Indonesia. It is the capital of the easternmost province of Indonesia. It has a wonderful natural beauty, called as a heaven that fell to the earth by the locals because of its natural beauty. The city was founded by Infantry Captain F.J.P Sachses of the Dutch kingdom on March 7, 1910. From 1910 to 1962, the city was known as Hollandia and was the district capital of the same name in the northeast of the island of western Papua. This city was once called Kota Baru and Sukarnopura (Sukarnapura, 1964) before taking its present name in 1968. The literal meaning of Jayapura, like the city of Jaipur in Rajasthan, is ‘City of Victory’ (Sanskrit: Jaya meaning “victory” : “city”).